University of Maryland Maile C. Neel  
Natural Resource Sciences & Landscape Architecture



Peer-Reviewed Journal Papers (testing)
  1. Evans, D. M., J. P. Che-Castaldo, D. Crouse, F. W. Davis, T. H. Eason, R. Epanchin-Niell, C. H. Flather, K. Frohlich, D. D. Goble, Y. Li, T. D. Male, L. L. Master, M. C. Neel, B. R. Noon, C. Parmesan, M. W. Schwartz, J. M. Scott, and B. K. Williams. 2016. Species Recovery in the United States: Increasing the Effectiveness of the Endangered Species Act. Issues in Ecology, 20:1-28.

  2. Wolf, S. H., B. Hartl, C. Carroll, J. Tutchton, N. D. Greenwald, and M. C. Neel. 2015. Beyond PVA: Why Recovery Under the Endangered Species Act is More than Population Viability. BioScience 65:200-207

  3. Salguero-Gómez, R., et al. (+20 co-authors). 2015. The COMPADRE Plant Matrix Database: An Open Online Repository for Plant Demography. Journal of Ecology 103:202-218.

  4. Neel, M. C., H. Tumas, and B. E. West. 2014. Representing connectivity: Quantifying effective habitat availability based on area and connectivity for conservation status assessment and recovery. PeerJ 2:e622 DOI10.7717/peerj.622

  5. Engelhardt, K. A. M., M. W. Lloyd**, and M. C. Neel. 2014. Effects of Genetic Diversity on Conservation and Restoration Potential at Individual, Population and Regional Scales. Biological Conservation 179:6-16 DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2013.08.012

  6. Marsden**, B. E., K. A. M. Engelhardt, and M. C. Neel. 2013. Genetic Rescue versus Outbreeding Depression in Vallisneria americana: Implications for Mixing Seed Sources for Restoration. Biological Conservation 167:203-214. DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2013.08.012

  7. Zeigler, S. L., M. C. Neel. 2013. Actual and Potential Use of Population Viability Analysis in Recovery of Plant Species Listed Under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Conservation Biology 27:1265-1278.

  8. Lloyd, M. W.**, L. Campbell, and M. C. Neel. 2013. The Power to Detect Recent Fragmentation Events Using Genetic Differentiation Methods. PloS One 8(5): e63981. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063981 Link

  9. Neel, M. C., K. McKelvey, R. S. Waples, N. Ryman, M. W. Lloyd**, R. Short Bull**, F. W. Allendorf, Michael K. Schwartz. 2013. Estimation of Effective Population Size in Continuously Distributed Populations: There Goes the Neighborhood. Heredity 111:189-199.

  10. Kennedy, C. M., E. Lonsdorf, M. C. Neel, N. M. Williams, T. H. Ricketts, R. Winfree, et al. 2013. A Global Quantitative Synthesis of Local and Landscape Effects on Wild Bee Pollinators in Agroecosystems. Ecology Letters 16:584-599.

  11. Neel, M. C., J. Che-Castaldo. 2013. Do Past Abundances or Biological Traits Predict Recovery Objectives for Threatened and Endangered Plant Species? Conservation Biology 27:385-397. Link to Early View

  12. Che-Castaldo, J. P., M. C. Neel. 2012. Testing Surrogacy Assumptions: Can Threatened and Endangered Plants be Grouped by Biological Similarity and Abundances? PloS One 7:e51659. or Link

  13. Neel, M. C., A. K. Leidner, A. Haines, D. D. Goble, J. M. Scott. 2012. By the Numbers: How is Recovery Defined by the U.S. Endangered Species Act? BioScience 62:646-657.

  14. Lloyd, M. W.**, R. K. Burnett Jr., K. A. M. Engelhardt, M. C. Neel. 2012. Does Genetic Diversity of Restored Sites Differ from Natural Sites? A Comparison of Vallisneria americana (Hydrocharitaceae) Populations Within the Chesapeake Bay. Conservation Genetics 13:753-765.

  15. Kennedy, C. M., E. H. Campbell Grant, M. C. Neel, W. F. Fagan, P. P. Marra. 2011. Landscape Matrix Mediates Occupancy Dynamics of Neotropical Avian Insectivores. Ecological Applications 21:1837-1850.

  16. Zeigler, S. L**, M. C. Neel, L. Oliveira, B. E. Raboy, W. F. Fagan. 2011. Conspecific and Heterospecific Attraction in Assessments of Functional Connectivity. Biodiversity and Conservation 20:2779.

  17. Leidner, A. K. and M. C. Neel. 2011. Taxonomic and Geographic Patterns of Decline for Threatened and Endangered Species in the United States. Conservation Biology 25:716-725.

  18. Lloyd; M. W., R. Burnett, Jr; K. Engelhardt, and M. C. Neel. 2011. Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Vallisneria americana in the Chesapeake Bay: Implications for Restoration. Conservation Genetics 12:1269-1285.

  19. Pettengill, J. B.** and M. C. Neel. 2011. Comprehensive Genetic and Morphological Analyses do not Support the Taxonomic Rank of Species for the Federally Listed Endangered Plant Agalinis acuta (Orobanchaceae). American Journal of Botany 98:859-871

  20. Kennedy, C. M., W. F. Fagan, P. P. Marra, and M. C. Neel. 2010. Landscape Matrix and Species Traits Mediate Responses of Neotropical Resident Birds to Forest Fragmentation in Jamaica. Ecological Monographs 80:651-669.

  21. Pettengill, J. B., and M. C. Neel. 2010. An Evaluation of Candidate Plant DNA Barcodes and Assignment Methods for Diagnosing Species in the Genus Agalinis (Orobanchaceae). American Journal of Botany 97:1391-1406.

  22. Scott J. M., D. D. Goble, A. M. Haines, J. A. Wiens, and M. C. Neel. 2010. Conservation-Reliant Species and the Future of Conservation. Conservation Letters 3:91-97

  23. Laikre, L, F. W. Allendorf, L. C. Aroner, C. S. Baker, D. P. Gregovich, M. M. Hansen, J. A. Jackson, K. C. Kendall, K. McKelvey, M. C. Neel, I. Olivieri, N. Ryman, M. K. Schwartz, R. Short Bull**, J. B. Stetz, D. A.Tallmon, B. L. Taylor, C. D. Vojta, D. M. Waller, R. S. Waples. 2009. Neglected of Genetic Diversity in Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Conservation Biology 24: 86-88.

  24. Fox, H. E., P. Kareiva, B. Silliman, J. Hitt, D. Lytle, B. S. Halpern, C. V. Hawkes, J. Lawler, M. C. Neel, J. D. Olden, M. A. Schlaepfer, K. Smith, H. Tallis. 2009. Why Do We fly? Ecologists' Sins of Emission. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7:294-296.

  25. Pettengill, J. B., R. Burnett Jr., and M. C. Neel. 2009. Characterization of 21 Microsatellites Within Agalinis acuta (Orobanchaceae) and Cross-Species Amplification Among Closely Related Taxa. Molecular Ecology Resources 9:1375-1379.

  26. Burnett Jr., R., M. L. Lloyd, K. Engelhardt, and M. C. Neel. 2009. Development of Eleven Polymorphic Microsatellite Markers in a Macrophyte of Conservation Concern, Vallisneria americana Michaux (Hydrocharitaceae). Molecular Ecology Resources 9:1427-1429.

  27. Pettengill, J. B. and M. C. Neel. 2008. Phylogenetic Patterns and Conservation Among North American Members of the Genus Agalinis (Orobanchaceae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 8:264. or Link

  28. Cummings, M. P., M. C. Neel, and K. L. Shaw. 2008. A Genealogical Approach to Quantifying Lineage Divergence. Evolution. 62:2411-22

  29. Neel, M. C. 2008. Patch Connectivity and Genetic Diversity Conservation in the Federally Endangered and Narrowly Endemic Plant Species Astragalus albens (Fabaceae). Biological Conservation 141:938-955.

  30. Cushman, S. A., K. McGarigal, and M C. Neel 2008. Parsimony in Landscape Metrics: Strength, Universality, and Consistency. Ecological Indicators 8:691-703.

  31. Ferrari, J. T., T. R. Lookingbill, and M. C. Neel. 2007. Two Measures of Landscape-Graph Connectivity: Assessment Across Gradients in Area and Configuration. Landscape Ecology 22:1315-1323.

  32. Grand, J., M. P. Cummings, A. G. Rebelo, T. H. Ricketts, and M. C. Neel. 2007. Biased Data Reduce Efficiency and Effectiveness of Conservation Reserve Networks. Ecology Letters 10:364-374.

  33. Grand, J., J. Buonaccorsi, S. A. Cushman, C. R. Griffin and M. C. Neel. 2004. A Multiscale Landscape approach to Predicting Bird and Moth Rarity Hotspots, in a Threatened Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak Community. Conservation Biology 18:1063-1077.

  34. Neel, M. C., K. McGarigal and S. A. Cushman. 2004. Behavior of Class-Level Landscape Structure Metrics Across Gradients of Area and Aggregation. Landscape Ecology 4:435-455.

  35. Neel, M. C. and M. P. Cummings. 2004. Section-Level Relationships of North American Agalinis (Orobanchaceae) Based on DNA Sequence Analysis of Three Chloroplast Gene Regions. BMC Evolutionary Biology 4:15

  36. Neel, M. C. and M. P. Cummings. 2003. Genetic Consequences of Ecological Reserve Design Guidelines: An Empirical Investigation. Conservation Genetics 4:427-439.

  37. Neel, M. C. and N. C. Ellstrand. 2003. Conservation of Genetic Diversity in the Endangered Plant Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineum. Conservation Genetics 4:337-352.

  38. Neel, M. C., and M. P. Cummings. 2003. Effectiveness of Conservation Targets in Capturing Genetic Diversity. Conservation Biology 17:219-229.

  39. Neel, M. C. 2002. Conservation Implications of the Reproductive Ecology of Agalinis acuta (Scrophulariaceae). American Journal of Botany 89:972-980.

  40. Neel M. C., J. Ross-Ibarra, and N. C. Ellstrand. 2001. Implications of Mating Patterns for Conservation of the Endangered Plant Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineum (Polygonaceae). American Journal of Botany 88:1214-1222.

  41. Neel, M. C., and N. C. Ellstrand. 2001. Patterns of Allozyme Diversity in the Threatened Erigeron parishii (Asteraceae). American Journal of Botany 88:810-818.

  42. Neel, M. C., J. Clegg, and N. C. Ellstrand. 1996. Isozyme Variation in Echinocereus engelmannii var. munzii. Conservation Biology 10:622-631.
  43. Book Chapters

    1. Neel, M. C. 2008. Conservation Planning and Genetic Diversity. Chapter 18. Pages 281-296 In: S. P. Carroll and C. W. Fox, Editors. Conservation Biology: Evolution in Action. Oxford University Press.

    2. Neel, M. C. 2003. Genetic Diversity in Nature Reserves. Pages 149-151. In: McGraw Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology. McGraw-Hill Companies. New York, NY.

    3. Gonella, P., and M. Neel. 1995. Characterization of Rare Plant Habitat for Restoration in the San Bernardino National Forest. Pages 81-93. In: B. A. Roundy, E. D. McArthur, J. S. Haley, D. K. Mann, (Compilers). Proceedings: Wildland Shrub and Arid Land Restoration Symposium; October 19-21 1993; Las Vegas, NV. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-315. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station 384 pages.

    Reports and Plans

    1. Neel, M. 2001. Identifying Supporting Natural Landscape. Pages 52-55. In: Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program. BioMap Technical Report: A Supplement to BioMap: Guiding Land Conservation for Biodiversity in Massachusetts.

    2. Neel, M, S. Neid, and D. Szczebak. 2001. GIS Metadata. Pages 56-67. In: Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program. BioMap Technical Report: A Supplement to BioMap: Guiding Land Conservation for Biodiversity in Massachusetts.

    3. Neel, M., and P. Somers. 2000. Summary Report on Six Experiments Examining Establishment and Maintenance of Agalinis acuta Populations. Prepared for the U. S. Fish & Wildlife Service New England Field Office. Contract 14-48-0005-93-90002 with The Nature Conservancy. 62 pages.

    4. Tilford, D., M. Holden and M. Neel. 1993. Reconnaissance of Natural Vegetation Recovery at Mine Sites in the California Desert. Unpublished Report Submitted to the US Bureau of Mines. 136 pages.

    5. Neel, M., and S. Chaney. 1992. Damage Assessment and Rehabilitation Plan for Vehicle Trespass at North Baldwin Lake. Big Bear Ranger District, San Bernardino National Forest. 37 pages.

    6. Neel, M., and J. Greene. 1992. Revegetation Proposal: Gordon Quarry. Big Bear Ranger District, San Bernardino National Forest. 16 pages.

    7. Neel, M. C., and K. Barrows. 1990. Pebble Plain Habitat Management Guide. Produced in Cooperation Between the San Bernardino National Forest and The California Nature Conservancy. 60 pages.


    1. Naked Bicycles and Design. 2008. �Naked Bicycles and Design Wins the Oscars of Bike Building�. Pedal: Canada�s Cycling Magazine.

    2. Beacham, W, F.V. Castronova, and S. Sessine, editors. 2001. Beacham's Guide to the Endangered Species of North America. Six Volumes. The Gale Group, Farmington Hills, MI. (Photographs of Dodecahema leptoceras, Eriogonum kennedyi ssp. austromontanum, and Arenaria ursina)

    3. San Bernardino National Forest. 1994. Forest Recreation Map.
    4. Mohlenbrock, R. H. 1993. This Land: Pebble Plains, California. Natural History 102:14-17.

    5. Krantz, T. 1990. A guide to the rare and unusual wildflowers of the Big Bear Valley Preserve. Friends of the Big Bear Valley Preserve. Pages 17, 19 (3 photos), 27 (2 photos) and 28.
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